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Wild olive

Olea oleaster, the wild-olive, has been considered by various botanists a valid species and a subspecies of the cultivated olive tree, Olea europea, which is a tree of multiple origins that was domesticated, it now appears, at various places during the fourth and third millennia BCE, in selections drawn from varying local populations.

Today, as a result of natural hybridization and the very ancient domestication and extensive cultivation of the olive throughout the Mediterranean Basin, wild-looking feral forms of olive, called "oleasters", constitute a complex of populations, potentially ranging from feral forms to the wild-olive. The wild-olive is a tree of the maquis shrubland, itself in part the result of the long presence of mankind.

The drought-tolerant sclerophyllous tree is believed to have originated in the eastern Mediterranean Basin. It still provides the hardy and disease-resistant rootstock on which cultivated olive varieties are grafted.

  • Category Olea Europea
  • Genus Olea
  • Species olivaster
  • Families Oleaceae
  • Habit Bonsai
  • Climatic Zones Mediterranean: South and islands, hills. USDA 10 a
  • Leaves Evergreen
  • Flower Simple flower
  • Geographical Area of Origin Western Asia / Mediterranean Europe
  • Flowering and Fruiting Period April / March
  • Form Bonsai
  • Colore Fiori Bianco
  • Colore Foglie Verde
  • Colore Frutti Verde
  • Favorite soil Sub-acid / medium acid / Middle-Dough / Medium soil
  • Water needs Low / little water
  • Light Exposure Full light / Full sun
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