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Olive tree

The species is native of Mediterranean basin. The Olea europaea L. (1753) is a shrub or evergreen tree, long-living as it can reach and exceed the 5 centuries of life with specimens in the wild of an estimated age of 2000 years, up to about 15 m tall and with a gnarled and twisted trunk with the age and greyish bark, whitish in the juvenile branches; the rooting apparatus is expanded and usually superficial.

It has slow growth and is very long-lived: in favorable climatic conditions it can become millennial. The plant begins to bear fruit 3-4 years after planting, full productivity begins after 9-10 years and maturity is reached after 50 years. The fruit is a drupe. Protect from cold, damage to wood starts at - 7 ° C.

  • Category Olea Europea
  • Genus Olea
  • Species europea
  • Families Oleaceae
  • Habit Tree
  • Climatic Zones Mediterranean: South and islands, hills. USDA 10 a
  • Leaves Evergreen
  • Flower Raceme
  • Geographical Area of Origin Western Asia Mediterranean Europe
  • Flowering and Fruiting Period April March
  • Form Wired on stick / Plant on cane Pom-pom shaped Fitocella Flower pot Tree Spiral Grown as shrub / bush
  • Color Flower / Leaves / Fruits Green White Yellow
  • Favorite soil Middle-Dough / Medium soil
  • Water needs Medium Low / little water
  • Light Exposure Full light / Full sun
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